Andrew J Barbour
John Langbein
Noha Sameh Ahmed Farghal
2020
<p><span>We investigate the potential of using borehole strainmeter data from the Network of the Americas (NOTA) and the U.S. Geological Survey networks to estimate earthquake moment magnitudes for earthquake early warning (EEW) applications. We derive an empirical equation relating peak dynamic strain, earthquake moment magnitude, and hypocentral distance, and investigate the effects of different types of instrument calibration on model misfit. We find that raw (uncalibrated) strains fit the model as accurately as calibrated strains. We test the model by estimating moment magnitudes of the largest two earthquakes in the July 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence—the </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-1-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">M</span></span><span> 6.4 foreshock and the </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-2-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">M</span></span><span> 7.1 mainshock—using two strainmeters located within </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-3-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">∼50 km</span></span><span> of the rupture. In both the cases, the magnitude based on the dynamic strain component is within </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-4-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">∼0.1–0.4</span></span><span> magnitude units of the catalog moment magnitude. We then compare the temporal evolution of our strain‐derived magnitudes for the largest two Ridgecrest events to the real‐time performance of the ShakeAlert EEW System (SAS). The final magnitudes from NOTA borehole strainmeters are close to SAS real‐time estimates for the </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-5-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">M</span></span><span> 6.4 foreshock, and significantly more accurate for the </span><span class="inline-formula no-formula-id"><span id="MathJax-Element-6-Frame" class="MathJax" data-mathml="<math xmlns=">M</span></span><span> 7.1 mainshock.</span></p>
application/pdf
10.1785/0220190385
en
Seismological Society of America
The potential of using dynamic strains in earthquake early warning applications
article